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Jamdani

Craft from West Bengal, India.

Jamdani was originally known as Dhakai named after the city of Dhaka, one of many ancient textile weaving centers in Bengal region. The word Jamdani is of Persian origin, deriving from 'Jam', meaning flower, and 'Dani', a vase or a container because of the pattern generated through weaving.

Jamdani is the most expensive product of Dhaka looms since it requires the most lengthy and dedicated work. It takes months to weave these delicate pieces of fabric that are absolutely exquisite. 

Whether figured or flowered, Jamdani is a woven fabric in cotton, and it is undoubtedly one of the varieties of the finest muslin. The process of making Khadi Jamdani is broadly divided into two parts—the making of the yarn and the weaving at the loom. The crucial pre-loom stage is usually handled entirely by women, from the spinning of the yarn to the point when it is placed on the warping drum before it goes to the loom. The process of producing the yarn involves very delicate work, which only a woman’s hands can accomplish.

 A true Jamdani fabric is woven without using even a jacquard machine. The weaver uses fine needle-like spindles to conjure magic with extra weft work that can rival the most intricate embroidery. It is undoubtedly one of the very few varieties of the finest muslin (fine cotton).
Weaver using fine needle-like spindle to make Jamdani Motif.
Woman artisan spinning the yarn.

Warping process by artisans.

 

Artisan setting the heald (Pre-loom process).  

                                                    

Weaver on the loom.                

Photo credits: Getty Images, Artisans.